Diabetes is a chronic disorder in which the body does not produce or use insulin effectively. It is not curable for most people, but treatments include medication, lifestyle adjustments, and management of diabetes’ various complications.
If you have some risk factors for diabetes, or if you have high levels of blood sugar in your urine. Your doctor may suspect you have diabetes. Your blood sugar (blood glucose) levels may be high if your pancreas is producing little or no insulin (type 1 diabetes), or if the body is not responding normally to insulin (type 2 diabetes).
There are a several of treatments available to help you manage and treat diabetes. Everyone is different, so treatment will vary depending on your own individual needs.
Getting diagnosed begins with 1 of 3 tests. in most cases, your specialist doctor will want to repeat a test that is high in order to confirm the diagnosis:
An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) entails drinking a beverage containing glucose and then having your blood glucose levels checked every 30 to 60 minutes for up to 3 hours. If the glucose level is 200 mg/dL or higher at 2 hours, then you might have diabetes.
A fasting glucose test is a test of your blood sugar levels taken in the morning before you have eaten. A level of 126 mg/dL or higher may mean that you have diabetes.
The A1c test is a simple blood test that shows your average blood sugar levels for the past 2-3 months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher may mean you have diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to use insulin to treat your diabetes. You take the insulin by injection or by using a pump. It’s also free on prescription.
Type 2 diabetes, you may have to use insulin or tablets, though you might initially be able to treat your diabetes by eating well and moving more.
If you have another type of diabetes, your treatment options may be different. Speak to your healthcare doctor.
Your healthcare doctor can help you find the right diabetes treatment plan to suit you and your lifestyle.
Everyone with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, need to take insulin to control their blood glucose levels.
Treatments if you have Type 1 diabetes
Islet cell transplant
If you have Type 1 diabetes, you may be able to get an islet cell transplant. This could stop you experiencing severe hypos. Get more information about islet cell transplants – what they are and how to access them.
Using an insulin pump can be a good alternative to injecting with an insulin pen. It can give you more flexibility when managing your diabetes. But you have to meet NICE guidelines to use an insulin pump.
Treatments for If you have Type 2 diabetes
Tablets and medication
You may need medication to help manage your blood sugar levels. The most common tablet is metformin, but there are lots of different types.
Some medication stimulates the pancreas to produce insulin, such as sulphonylureas. Others may be prescribed to help you lose weight, if you need to.
If you need to take tablets to manage your diabetes, the doctor will decide which is best for you.
Diet and exercise
Lots of people with Type 2 diabetes don’t take any medication, and they instead treat their diabetes by eating well and moving more, our latest research DiRECT has even shown that weight loss can put Type 2 diabetes into remission. We have loads of information and advice that will help you live a healthy life.
Weight loss surgery
There are lots of obesity surgery procedures to the stomach or intestine that you can get to help you lose weight. There have been lots of studies that have found that this can help to put Type 2 diabetes into remission.