Menstruation often bring a variety of uncomfortable symptoms leading up to your period. Premenstrual syndrome or PMS encompasses the most common issues, such as mild cramping and fatigue, but the symptoms usually go away when your period begins.
Serious menstrual problems may also occur. Menstruation that is too light or too heavy, or the complete absence of a cycle, may suggest that there are other issues that are contributing to an abnormal menstrual cycle.
Normal menstrual cycle means something different for every female. A cycle that’s regular for you may be abnormal for someone else. It’s important to stay in tune with your body and to talk to your doctor if you notice any significant changes to your menstrual cycle.
There are different menstrual problems that women may experience.
PMS (premenstrual syndrome)
Premenstrual syndrome occurs 1 to 2 weeks before your period begins. Some women experience a range of emotional and physical symptoms. Others experience few symptoms or even none at all. Premenstrual syndrome can cause:
backaches, headaches, breast soreness, bloating, food cravings, depression, diarrhea, etc
Many Women may experience different symptoms every month, and the severity of these symptoms can also vary. PMS is uncomfortable, but it’s generally not worrisome unless it interferes with your normal activities.
Sometimes, women may not get their period or amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is when woman don’t get her first period by age 16. This may be caused by an issue with the pituitary gland, a congenital defect of the female reproductive system. Secondary amenorrhea occurs when you stop getting your regular periods for six months or more.
Common causes of primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea in teens include:
anorexia, overactive thyroid gland, ovarian cysts, stopping birth control, and pregnancy
When adults do not menstruate, the common causes are often different. These may include:
stopping birth control, pregnancy, premature ovarian failure, pelvic inflammatory disease (a reproductive infection)
A missed period could mean pregnancy. If you suspect you may be pregnant, be sure to take a pregnancy test. To get the most accurate results, wait until you have missed your period by at least one day before taking the test.
Another common menstrual problem is a heavy period or menorrhagia.Heavy periods cause you to bleed more than normal. Woman may also have period for longer than the average of five to 7 days.
Menorrhagia is mostly caused by imbalances in hormone levels, especialy estrogen and progesterone.
Other causes of heavy or irregular menstrual bleeding include:
inflammation of the cervix
underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
noncancerous uterus tumors
changes in diet or exercise
Not only can your period be heavier or lighter than normal, but it can also be painful. Cramps are normal during PMS and they also occur when your uterus contracts as your period begins. However, some women experience excruciating pain. Also called dysmenorrhea, extremely painful menstruation is likely linked to an underlying medical problem, such as: fibroids, abnormal tissue growth outside of the uterus,and pelvic inflammatory disease
Home remedies for pre-menstrual syndrome
Get enough sleep and cut out stress
Get plenty of sleep. Life will seem a lot less grim after you get adequate shut-eye. Also work on losing the stress. Meditate, practise mind-ful breathing and work towards a calmer you.
PMS symptoms can be alleviated by a healthy diet. Avoid fried foods and stock up on vegetables and fishes, fruits, poultry, whole grains like oatmeal that metabolise slowly, nuts and raw seeds instead. Get enough calcium from sources like green leafy vegetables, dairy,and salmon. These high-nutrient foods will keep your PMS symptoms at bay. Include foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids like olive oil, fish, spinach, pumpkin, and sunflower seeds.
Work in at least 30 minutes of exercise a day in the form of walks or yoga or any other activity that you enjoy. Do note that a lack of activity has been shown to make PMS symptoms worse. Aerobic exercises have been shown to be most effective in reducing PMS symptoms. These exercises make you release feel-good endorphins, help you release stress and anxiety and get the blood circulation going your body thereby helping you eliminate toxins. Do not indulge in heavy physical exercise during your periods.
Avoid caffeine,salt, and alcohol.
Cut down on those food products in your diet that contain too much of added salt. Avoid knocking back too many cups of coffee and tanking up on the alcohol. All of these products are known to make PMS symptoms worse. If you are a smoker, this is a good time to kick the butt.
Drink herbal tea
Many herbal teas have been shown to offer some relief for PMS symptoms. For relaxation and anxiety relief, sip on some chamomile or cinnamon tea.
Drink an infusion of ginger for cramps and nausea.
Peppermint tea is great at dealing with bloating, indigestion and intestinal gas.
Chamomile will also help you sleep better so drink some before you go to bed.
Dandelion tea helps soothe breast tenderness so replace your regular tea and coffee with this variety for best results. Dandelion tea’s diuretic properties will help reduce water retention as well.
Your regular green tea is great for skin and will help reduce pimple breakouts during this time.
Eats foods rich in serotonin
Serotonin is an important chemical and neurotransmitter that contributes to our feelings of well being and happiness. Serotonin levels can dip during premenstrual syndrome so you need to up your levels by eating foods rich in serotonin like avocados, date palms, papayas, eggplants, pineapples, and plantains. Upping your serotonin levels will help beat symptoms like depression, anxiety and sadness.
Get enough Vitamin B6. This vitamin that often gets depleted when you are undergoing PMS will give you relief from depression, mood swings, and low serotonin levels. Get vitamin B6 from supplements or food sources like milk, chicken, fish, whole grains, beans, green leafy vegetables, walnuts, and soybeans.
Potassium helps keep inflammation, bloating, retention of water and other symptoms of PMS in check. Eat foods rich in potassium like black currants, figs, bananas, potatoes, broccoli, onions, and tomatoes.
Periods can be a bummer for many of us. Starting from bad mood swings and bloating on pre-menstrual days to stomach cramps and heavy bleeding during those five days, there’s little to cheer about. You don’t have to suffer your menstruation in a grumpy, pain-stricken haze. Home remedies above are effective in dealing with assorted menstrual problems. All remedies to be taken only on the advice of a medical practitioner.