Dandruff – Symptoms and Causes and How to treat it

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Dandruff Causes

Dandruff affects a lot of people, especially women.
An itchy scalp and flakiness are the hallmark signs of this condition, but it may also cause other symptoms like greasy patches on the scalp and tingling skin.
Underlying causes of dandruff include dry skin, seborrheic dermatitis, sensitivity to hair products and the growth of a specific type of fungus that lives on the scalp.
While there are plenty of over-the-counter products designed to treat dandruff, natural treatments can be just effective.

Several Causes of Dandruff.
Irritated, oily skin or seborrheic dermatitis. Oone of the most frequent causes of dandruff, is marked by red, greasy skin covered with flaky white or yellow scales. Seborrheic dermatitis may affect your scalp and other areas rich in oil glands, such as your eyebrows, the sides of your nose and the backs of your ears,  groin area, breastbone (sternum), and sometimes your armpits.

The extra skin cells die and fall off, making them appear white and flaky in your hair or on your clothes. Why malassezia irritates some scalps isn’t known.

Not shampooing often enough. If you don’t regularly wash your hair, skin cells and oils from your scalp can build up, causing dandruff.

A yeastlike fungus (malassezia). Malassezia lives on the scalps of most adults. But, for some, it irritates the scalp and can cause more skin cells to grow.

Dry skin. Flakes from dry skin are generally smaller and less oily than those from other causes of dandruff. And, redness or inflammation is unlikely. You’ll probably have dry skin on other parts of the body, such arms and legs, too.

Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis). Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp.

Dandruff Symptoms
For most women dandruff symptoms are easy to spot: white, oily-looking flakes of dead skin that dot your hair and shoulders, and a possibly itchy, scaly scalp. The condition may worsen during the fall and winter, when indoor heating can contribute to dry skin, and improve during the summer.
A type of dandruff called cradle cap can affect babies. This disorder, which causes a scaly, crusty scalp, is most common in newborns, but it can occur anytime during infancy.

Here are several simple treatments to naturally get rid of dandruff.
Use Coconut Oil
Coconut oil have multiple health benefits, it is often used as a natural remedy for dandruff.
Coconut oil may help improve skin hydration and prevent dryness, which can worsen dandruff.
A small research of 34 people showed that coconut oil was as effective as mineral oil in improving skin hydration.
Ccoconut oil could aid in the treatment of eczema, a skin condition that may contribute to dandruff.
One study compared the effects of coconut oil and mineral oil on atopic dermatitis, a type of eczema characterized by itching and inflammation.
Applying coconut oil to the skin for eight weeks reduced symptoms by 68%, compared to just 38% in the mineral oil group.
The potential antimicrobial properties of coconut oil may improve skin hydration and reduce symptoms of eczema and dandruff.

Minimize Stress Levels
Stress can impact many aspects of health and well-being. It can influence everything from mental health to chronic condition.
Sstress itself doesn’t cause dandruff, it can aggravate symptoms like dryness and itching
Sustaining high levels of stress long-term may suppress the activity of the immune system.
A weakened immune system can reduce your body’s ability to fight off some of the fungal infections and skin conditions that contribute to dandruff.
One of the most common causes of dandruff, showed that the majority of dermatitis episodes were preceded by a stressful life event.
To keep stress levels under control, try some stress reduction techniques, such as yoga, meditation,  deep breathing or aromatherapy.
Stress can weaken the immune system and decrease the body’s ability to fight off infections that cause dandruff. Stress also often precedes episodes of seborrheic dermatitis, one of the most common causes of dandruff.

Try Tea Tree Oil
Ttea tree oil has been used to treat ailments ranging from psoriasis. to acne.
It is also proven to have powerful anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may help alleviate symptoms of dandruff.
In fact,  tea tree oil is effective at fighting the specific strain of fungus that can cause both seborrheic dermatitis and dandruff.
Another 4-week study examined the effects of tea tree oil on dandruff by treating 126 people daily with a shampoo containing either 5% tea tree oil or a placebo.
At the end of the research, tea tree oil reduced the severity of symptoms by 41% and improved greasiness and itchiness.
Tea tree oil can cause irritation in those with sensitive skin. It’s best to dilute it by adding a few drops to a carrier oil like coconut oil before applying it directly to the skin.
Tea tree oil has anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties that may help reduce the severity and symptoms of dandruff.

Apply Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a type of succulent that is frequently added to skin cosmetics, ointments, and lotions.
When applied to the skin, aloe vera is believed to help treat skin conditions like burns, psoriasis and cold sores..It may also be beneficial in the treatment of dandruff.
The antibacterial and antifungal properties of aloe vera could help protect against dandruff.
Similarly, a test-tube research found that aloe vera was effective against several species of fungi and may help control fungal infections that cause hair loss from the scalp.
Test-tube studies have also found that aloe vera can reduce inflammation, which may relieve symptoms. Despite these promising results, additional test are needed to look at how aloe vera may directly affect dandruff.
Aloe vera has antibacterial and antifungal properties. As a result, aloe vera may help reduce inflammation and decrease dandruff symptoms.

Try Aspirin
Salicylic acid is one of the primary compounds found in aspirin that is responsible for its anti-inflammatory properties.
In addition to being found in aspirin, salicylic acid is also found in many anti-dandruff shampoos.
Salicylic acid works by helping get rid of scaly skin and loosening flakes so that they can be removed.
Research found, 19 people with dandruff used two shampoos containing either piroctone olamine combined with salicylic acid or zinc pyrithione.
Both shampoos were able to decrease dandruff after 4 weeks, but the shampoo containing salicylic acid was more effective in reducing the severity of scaling.
Another study showed that a shampoo containing salicylic acid was similarly effective as a prescription medication in treating seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff.
For an easy dandruff treatment, try crushing two tablets of aspirin and adding the powder to your shampoo before washing your hair.
Aspirin contains salicylic acid, an ingredient found in many anti-dandruff shampoos. Salicylic acid has been shown to be effective in the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis and dandruff.

Add Apple Cider Vinegar to Your Routine
Apple cider vinegar has been associated with a variety of health benefits. These include improving insulin sensitivity and increasing weight loss.
Apple cider vinegar is also often used as a natural remedy to get rid of dandruff.
The acidity of the vinegar is stimulate the shedding of dead skin cells on the scalp.
Apple cider vinegar is also  balance the pH of the skin to reduce the growth of fungus and thus fight dandruff.
Many of the benefits of apple cider vinegar for dandruff are based on anecdotal evidence.
Apple cider vinegar and its compounds can prevent the growth of certain types of fungus.
If you’d like to give apple cider vinegar a try, add a few tablespoons to your shampoo or combine it with other essential oils and spray directly onto hair.
Apple cider vinegar is said to help remove dead skin cells and balance the pH of the scalp. It may prevent the growth of certain types of fungus.

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