Yeast Infection Symptoms, Causes and Prevention

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Yeast infection vaginal. How do you get it.

       Many female will get a vaginal yeast infection at some point in their life. Symptoms of vaginal yeast infections include itching, burning, and thick, white discharge. Yeast infections are simple to treat, but it is important to see your specialist doctor if you think you have an infection. Yeast infection symptoms are similar to other vaginal infections and sexually transmitted infections. If you have a more serious infection, and not a yeast infection, it can lead to major health problems.

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection that causes irritation, discharge and intense itchiness of the vagina and the vulva, the tissues at the vaginal opening.
Also called vaginal candidiasis, vaginal yeast infection affects several women at some point in their lifetimes.
Vaginal yeast infections are very common in women. It’s estimated that 75% of women will have at least one yeast infection in her lifetime.
Though yeast infections can happen to anyone at any time, there are certain things that make getting them more likely. Most infections can be cleared up quickly and easily.

A vaginal yeast infection isn’t considered a sexually transmitted infection. But, there’s an increased risk of vaginal yeast infection at the time of first regular sexual activity. There’s also some evidence that infections may be linked to mouth to genital contact.
Medications can effectively treat vaginal yeast infections. If you have recurrent yeast infections 4 or more within 1 year, you may need a treatment course and a maintenance plan.

Causes of Vaginal Yeast infections
There are several reasons why women get a yeast infection, 
Diabetes: If your diabetes is not well-controlled, the increase in sugar in the mucus membranes (moist linings) of your vagina can create a place for yeast to grow.
Hormones: Changes during pregnancy, breast-feeding or menopause (or if you’re taking birth control pills) can change the balance in your vagina.
A weakened immune system: If you are HIV-positive or have another immune system disorder, the yeast may also grow uncontrolled.
Antibiotics: These drugs can kill off many of the good bacteria that live in your vagina.
Douches and vaginal sprays: The use of these products can change the balance in your vagina.
Sex: Though a yeast infection is not considered a sexually transmitted infection, it can be passed from person to person through sexual contact.

Can Woman get a yeast infection from Breastfeeding?
Yeast infections can happen on the nipples or in your breast (thrush) from breastfeeding. Yeast thrive on moisture and milk. A yeast infection you get while breastfeeding is different from a vaginal yeast infection. However, it is caused by an overgrowth of the same fungus.
Symptoms of thrush during breastfeeding:
Sore nipples that last more than a few days, especially after several weeks of pain-free breastfeeding
Achy breast
Flaky, itchy, shiny, or cracked nipples
Deep pink and blistered nipples
Shooting pain in the breast during or after feedings

If you have any of these signs or symptoms or think your baby might have thrush in his or her mouth, call your doctor. Learn more about thrush in our Breastfeeding section.

Yeast Infection Symptoms
Yeast infections often cause thick, white, clumpy vaginal discharge that usually doesn’t smell (or only smells slightly different than normal). You might also have a creamy, whitish coating in and around your vagina.
Most yeast infections lead to burning, itching, and/or redness in or around the vagina. Vaginal itching usually gets worse the longer you have the infection. Sex may be uncomfortable or painful. In extreme cases, you can get fissures or sores on your vagina or vulva. If you have lots of irritation, it may sting when you pee.

How to prevent vaginal yeast infections?
Eating yogurt or taking supplements with lactobacillus
Eating a well-balanced diet
Washing underwear in hot water
Replacing feminine products frequently
Wearing natural fibers such as cotton, linen, or silk
Avoid sitting in hot tubs or taking frequent hot baths
Avoid sitting around in wet clothing, especially bathing suits
Avoid wearing tight pants, pantyhose, tights, or leggings
Avoid using feminine deodorant or scented tampons or pads

By recognizing your own risk factors, you can prevent future yeast infections.

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