There may be an explanation for why women suffer from blindness and eye disease more than men.
Carrying a baby takes a toll on the entire body and puts an expectant mother at risk for conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure and migraine headaches. These conditions can put excess strain on the blood vessels of the eyes. Being pregnant can cause dry eye, puffy eyelids and even refractive changes in the eyesight, which can be temporary or permanent.
More than 3 million women have dry eye, compared to only 1.5 million men. Dry eye is a common condition after menopause, and women who experience premature menopause are even more at risk to experience eye surface damage from dry eye. This may also be why women are more at risk for degenerative eye diseases like cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration.
Women’s bodies go through so many changes during pregnancy and menopause, they can become deficient in vitamins, minerals and essential nutrients. Eating a well-balanced diet with fruits, vegetables, fiber, and whole grains is essential for good eye health. Eventually, women are so consumed with taking care of others that they may neglect their own well-being without even knowing it.
As a woman, you probably wear many hats: mother, wife, friend, daughter, employee, and volunteer. You may have assumed the role of caregiver to an aging parent while you are still a caregiver to children. Do not forget to take care of your own health first. When you make your wellness and eye health a priority, you can be your very best for those around you.
The following are things women should know about eye health:
More women than men are at risk for vision loss from eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma and macular degeneration. More than 3 million women and more than 1.5 million men have dry eye. Dry eye is more common after menopause and women who experience menopause prematurely are more likely to have eye surface damage from dry eye.
Keeping a healthy lifestyle also helps keep the eyes healthy, including exercising regularly, not smoking and following a healthy diet.
Talk to a dietician about eating habits and a doctor before starting an exercise program. Make sure to always wear UV eye protection when outdoors.
More women are caregivers- Women often make the majority of their family’s health care decisions.
In addition to being responsible for their own health, women are often responsible as caregivers for the health care choices of their children, partners, spouses and aging parents. A woman making her vision health a priority positively impacts those around her, including those that depend on her care.
Prevent Blindness recommends periodic dilated eye exams as the best way to ensure that vision is healthy and to help keep it that way.
Additionally, a dilated eye exam can also help detect other conditions that affect overall health including high blood pressure or diabetes.
Pregnancy can cause vision changes including refractive changes, dry eyes, and puffy eyelids.
Expectant mothers may also experience vision effects from diabetes, migraine headaches, and high blood pressure. Glaucoma medications such as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors can be harmful to the developing baby. All pregnant women should discuss all medications and any changes in their vision immediately with their doctor.
Give your eyes a rest. In the event that you invest a great deal of energy at the PC or concentrating on any a certain something, you once in a while neglect to squint and your eyes can get exhausted. Attempt the 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, turn away around 20 feet before you for 20 seconds. This can help lessen eye fatigue.
Stop smoking or never begin. Smoking is as terrible for your eyes all things considered for whatever is left of your body. Research has connected smoking to an expanded danger of creating age-related macular degeneration, waterfall, and optic nerve harm, all of which can prompt blindness.ii,iii
Be cool and wear your shades. Shades are an extraordinary design adornment, however their most vital activity is to shield your eyes from the sun’s bright beams. When acquiring shades, search for ones that shut out 99 to 100 percent of both UV-An and UV-B radiation.
Clean your hands and your contact lensesproperly. To stay away from the danger of disease, dependably wash your hands completely before putting in or taking out your contact focal points. Reach focal points as trained and supplant them as fitting.
Practice work environment eye wellbeing. Bosses are required to give a sheltered workplace. At the point when defensive eyewear is required as an aspect of your responsibilities, make a propensity for wearing the fitting kind consistently and urge your associates to do likewise.
Many of the women’s eye health problems may be lessened through early detection and treatment. A recent online survey on behalf of Prevent Blindness found, however, that 1 in 4 women had not received an eye exam in the past 2 years. Cost was cited as the number one reason for both those who did and did not have vision insurance. Other reasons cited were transportation issues and simply being “too busy” to make an appointment.